« Ilex » is a genus of plants commonly known as hollies. Hollies are a group of evergreen and deciduous shrubs and trees, known for their distinctive leathery, spiky leaves and often bright red berries. Here is a general description of hollies (Ilex):

  1. Leaves: Hollies have simple, alternate leaves that are typically shiny, dark green, and have a waxy texture. The leaves are often spiny or toothed along the margins, though some holly species have smooth-edged leaves.
  2. Flowers: Holly plants produce small, inconspicuous flowers that are typically white or greenish-white in color. These flowers are usually dioecious, meaning that male and female flowers are found on separate plants.
  3. Fruit: One of the most distinctive features of hollies is their brightly colored berries. These berries are typically red, but they can also be yellow, orange, or black, depending on the species. The berries are a valuable food source for birds and wildlife during the winter.
  4. Growth Habit: Hollies can be either deciduous or evergreen, depending on the species and the local climate. They come in various shapes and sizes, from small shrubs to tall trees.
  5. Habitat: Hollies are native to various regions around the world, including North America, Europe, Asia, and South America. They can be found in a wide range of habitats, from forests to gardens.
  6. Uses: Hollies are often grown for their ornamental value in gardens and landscaping. They are popular choices for hedges, as their spiny leaves provide a natural barrier. Additionally, their berries add color and interest to the landscape. Some holly species are also used for their wood, which is fine-grained and can be used in woodworking.
  7. Symbolism: Hollies have cultural and symbolic significance in various cultures. They are associated with the winter season and are often used in holiday decorations, especially during Christmas. In some traditions, holly is seen as a symbol of protection and good luck.

One of the most well-known species of holly is the American Holly (Ilex opaca), native to the eastern United States. There are many other species and cultivars of hollies, each with its own unique characteristics and adaptations to different environments.